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Medicare Advantage

Why Medicare Advantage Plans are Bad

When it comes to healthcare coverage options, one choice is Medicare Advantage Plans. Private insurance providers offer these plans and cover an estimated 17.6 million Americans

Medicare Advantage Plans were first introduced in 1997 as the Medicare+Choice program and renamed Medicare Advantage under the Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003. Since then, they have gained popularity because of their potential benefits. Many seniors appreciate the additional coverage and the convenience of bundling multiple healthcare services into a single plan. 

The term “Advantage” in Medicare Advantage Plans seems to suggest inherent benefits. However, it’s essential to recognize that these plans may not be the optimal choice for everyone. Despite their appealing features, it’s important to consider the disadvantages of Medicare Advantage Plans and carefully evaluate them based on your circumstances.

This article will outline some of the drawbacks to consider before you enroll in a Medicare Advantage Plan.

Limitations on Provider Networks

One commonly cited concern with Medicare Advantage Plans is the limitations imposed on provider networks. Original Medicare allows you to seek care from any healthcare provider that accepts Medicare. However, Medicare Advantage Plans typically have a network of contracted providers. 

To be covered, you may need to limit your healthcare team to professionals and hospitals within your plan’s network. Going out of network can result in higher out-of-pocket costs or even a lack of coverage.

The restriction on provider networks can be problematic if you have an established relationship with specific doctors or specialists. Switching healthcare providers to receive care within your network may mean finding a new doctor. 

Transitioning to a new healthcare provider can be an inconvenience. This change means you must educate them on your medical history and outline your health concerns all over again.

While this limitation affects everyone, it can be a particularly significant burden if you live in a rural or remote area. In these areas, access to in-network providers may be limited. Finding a healthcare provider that is both in your network and that you feel comfortable with may be challenging. 

If you must receive out-of-network care, your Medicare Advantage Plans will often provide limited or no coverage, except in emergencies or under specific circumstances. This can be a challenge if you require specialized care only available from providers outside your plan’s network.

For example, out-of-network care may be necessary if you want to be treated by a renowned specialist or for specific medical procedures that are not available within the network. 

Having to bear a significant portion of the cost will be financially burdensome. 

To summarize, the lack of coverage for out-of-network care can limit the healthcare choices available to you and can affect the quality of care you receive.

Need for Prior Authorization

Prior Authorization form

Another aspect of Medicare Advantage Plans that some find frustrating is the requirement for prior authorization for certain services. Prior authorization is where you must obtain approval from the insurance company before receiving medical treatments, procedures, or medications. 

The rationale behind requiring approval is to control costs and ensure that services are medically necessary. However, it generally results in delaying your care. 

Coordinating the approval process may require quite a bit of paperwork. It also usually includes some back-and-forth between your healthcare provider and insurer before receiving your approval. This can result in prolonged wait times before accessing necessary treatments or services. 

If your condition is mild, this delay may be nothing more than an inconvenience. However, it can be particularly concerning if you are being treated for an issue that requires timely interventions.

Potential Impact on Access to Care and Healthcare Costs

The limitations on provider networks, coverage for out-of-network care, and the need for prior authorization can collectively impact access to care for those covered by a Medicare Advantage Plan. 

Limited provider choices and restricted coverage may result in longer appointment wait times, increased travel distances, or even difficulty finding specialized care within the network. This can lead to frustration, reduced patient satisfaction, and potential delays in receiving necessary medical attention.

Additionally, the cost structure of Medicare Advantage Plans can vary significantly from Original Medicare. While some plans may offer lower monthly premiums, Medicare beneficiaries must consider other factors such as copayments, coinsurance, and deductibles. Out-of-pocket costs can vary depending on the plan, and the financial impact may be significant.

Medicare Advantage Plans: Weighing the Pros and Cons

The potential disadvantages we’ve discussed highlight some of the concerns we hear from those who view Medicare Advantage Plans negatively. It is crucial to weigh the pros and cons of Medicare Advantage Plans and consider your healthcare needs, preferences, and budget before deciding.

Medicare Advantage Plans do have many advantages. For example, they often include additional benefits like prescription drug coverage, dental, vision, and hearing services. Original Medicare, meaning Medicare Part A and Part B, does not cover these services. Moreover, the convenience of having multiple healthcare services bundled into a single plan can simplify the process of managing your healthcare.

Is a Medicare Advantage Plan Right For Me? 

Your healthcare coverage is a personal choice and will depend on your unique circumstances and healthcare needs. While exploring the potential disadvantages discussed in this blog can provide valuable insights, it will not give you the complete answer. 

The only way to gain clarity is by consulting with someone who knows the options and can provide personalized advice. That is why many seniors turn to the experts at The Medicare Family. We can assess your specific healthcare requirements, review the plans available in your area, and help you navigate the complexities of Medicare Advantage Plans. 

We can also guide network considerations, coverage limitations, prior authorization requirements, and other factors influencing your decision. By seeking our expert advice, you can make an informed choice and select comprehensive coverage that meets your needs.

With over 40 years of experience, our dedicated team is well-equipped to address your healthcare needs and provide valuable guidance. Contact us now to schedule an appointment and embark on a path toward optimized Medicare coverage and personalized care.


Are most people happy with Medicare Advantage?

Most people are generally satisfied with Medicare Advantage plans due to their comprehensive coverage, including additional benefits like dental and vision. However, satisfaction can vary based on plan specifics, provider networks, and individual healthcare needs.

What is better, original Medicare or Advantage plans?

Choosing between original Medicare and Medicare Advantage depends on your healthcare needs. Original Medicare offers broader provider access and no network restrictions, while Medicare Advantage often includes additional benefits like dental and vision but limits provider choices.

Can I go back to Medicare after Medicare Advantage?

Yes, you can return to original Medicare during the Annual Enrollment Period (October 15 to December 7) or the Medicare Advantage Open Enrollment Period (January 1 to March 31). Ensure you understand the implications on coverage and costs.

Sylvia Gordon, aka Medicare Mama®, is an expert on all things Medicare and Social Security. She is the 2nd Generation here at The Medicare Family and has served on the advisory boards of major insurance companies like UnitedHealthcare®, Cigna, and Anthem. In her free time, she can be found taking care of her animals (dogs, goats, peacocks, chickens), and reading a good book. Learn More.
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